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Uvular nasal

Uvular nasal
Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
IPA number 120
Encoding
Entity (decimal) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
Unicode (hex) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
X-SAMPA N\
Kirshenbaum n"
Braille 25px25px
Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers

The uvular nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɴ, a small capital version of the Latin letter n.

For a voiced pre-uvular nasal (also called post-velar), see voiced velar nasal.

Features

Features of the uvular nasal:

  • Its manner of articulation is occlusive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. Because the consonant is also nasal, the blocked airflow is redirected through the nose.
  • Its place of articulation is uvular, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) at the uvula.
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is a nasal consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the nose, either exclusively (nasal stops) or in addition to through the mouth.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Armenian անխելք [ɑɴˈχɛlkʰ] 'brainless' Allophone of /n/ before a uvular consonant in informal speech.
Dutch Netherlandic aangenaam [ˈaːɴχəˌnaːm] 'pleasant' Allophone of /n/ and /ŋ/ in dialects that use [[[voiceless uvular fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.χ]]
]. Can be pronounced [n] and [ŋ] instead, especially in formal speech.
Georgian ზიყი [ziɴqʼi] 'hip joint' Allophone of /n/.
Inuit Inuvialuktun namunganmun [namuŋaɴmuɴ] 'to where?' See Inuit phonology
JapaneseTemplate:Sfnb 日本 nihon About this sound [n̠ʲihoɴ]  'Japan' See Japanese phonology
Kalaallisut paarngorpoq [paaɴːoʁpoq] 'crawls'
Klallam sqəyáyŋəxʷ [sqəˈjajɴəxʷ] 'big tree' contrasts with glottalized form.
Quechua Peruvian sonqo [ˈs̠oɴ.qo] 'heart' Allophone of /n/.
SpanishTemplate:Sfnb enjuto [ẽ̞ɴˈχuto̞] 'dry' Allophone of /n/. See Spanish phonology

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255–259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94–97, doi:10.1017/S002510030000445X