Open Access Articles- Top Results for Varang Kshiti

Varang Kshiti

Varang Kshiti
or Warang Citi
Languages Ho
Creator Lako Bodra
Parent systems
original invention
  • Varang Kshiti
    or Warang Citi
ISO 15924 Wara, 262
Direction Left-to-right
Unicode alias
Warang Citi

Varang Kshiti is an abugida invented by Lako Bodra, used in primary and adult education and in various publications. It is used to write Ho, a language used in the Indian states of Jharkhand and Orissa.[1]

Community leader Bodra invented it as an alternative to the writing systems devised by Christian missionaries. He claims that the alphabet was invented in the 13th century by Deowan Turi, and that it was rediscovered in a shamanistic vision and modernized by Lako Bodra.

Bodra authored the following books in Varang Kshiti:

  1. Ela Al Etu Uta
  2. Sala Sule Sagen
  3. Ba Buru Bonga Buru
  4. Pompo
  5. Sahar Hora (8 Volumes)
  6. Raghu Vansha
  7. Hitahasa
  8. Bakana
  9. Aida Hola Sevasala
  10. Pitika
  11. Kol Rule

The script begins with the letter Om, the first sound for the creation of the universe and has 32 letters in total with capital and small letters. It is written from left to right in horizontal lines, and each consonant has an inherent vowel, usually /a/ but sometimes /o/ or /e/.

Varang Kshiti uses its own set of digits.[2]


Varang Kshiti was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.

The Unicode block for Varang Kshiti, called Warang Citi, is U+118A0–U+118FF. Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points:

Template:Unicode chart Warang Citi


  1. Ager, Simon. "Varang Kshiti alphabet". 
  2. Everson, Michael (2012-04-19). "N4259: Final proposal for encoding the Warang Citi script in the SMP of the UCS" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-08-20. 

Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Buffer' not found.