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Varennes-en-Argonne

For other uses of the name Varennes, see Varennes (disambiguation).
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Coordinates: 49°13′37″N 5°02′06″E / 49.2269°N 5.035°E / 49.2269; 5.035Coordinates: 49°13′37″N 5°02′06″E / 49.2269°N 5.035°E / 49.2269; 5.035{{#coordinates:49.2269|5.035|type:city(691)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Lorraine</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Meuse</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Verdun</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Canton</th><td> Varennes-en-Argonne</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Montfaucon - Varennes en Argonne</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2008–2014) </th><td> Jean-Marie Lambert</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 11.81 km2 (4.56 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (1999)2</th><td> 691</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 59/km2 (150/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 55527 / 55270</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Elevation</th><td> Script error: No such module "convert".
(avg. Script error: No such module "convert".)</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

Varennes-en-Argonne or simply Varennes is a commune in the Meuse department in Lorraine in north-eastern France.

Population (1999): 691.

Geography

Varennes-en-Argonne lies on the river Aire to the northeast of Sainte-Menehould, near Verdun.

History

It was the scene of the Flight to Varennes: In June 1791 Louis XVI, with his immediate family, made a dash for the nearest friendly border, that of the Austrian Netherlands in modern Belgium (Queen Marie-Antoinette being a sister to the Austrian emperor, Leopold II). But in Varennes Louis and his family were arrested, by Citizen Drouet, the local postmaster, who had been alerted by a message received from nearby Sainte-Menehould. It is said that at Sainte-Menehould, where the escaping party had spent the previous night, a merchant alerted the town authorities of their presence after recognizing the King's face on an Assignat, as Louis tried to buy something from a shop. Once more France's king, queen, and dauphin (crown prince) returned to the Tuileries in humiliating captivity, and Louis and Marie-Antoinette were subsequently executed on the guillotine.

Located in the Zone rouge, Varennes was completely destroyed during the First World War but was reconstructed afterwards. The Pennsylvania Memorial, a monument for volunteers from Pennsylvania in the First World War, was erected in Varennes during the Interwar period.

Points of interest

See also

Varennes-en-Argonne
Tower Louis XVI and the river Aire
Tower Louis XVI and the river Aire
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