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Velar ejective

Velar ejective
IPA number 109 + 401
Encoding
Entity (decimal) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
Unicode (hex) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
X-SAMPA k_>
Kirshenbaum k`
Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers

The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .

Features

Features of the velar ejective:

Template:Voiceless short

  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is ejective (glottalic egressive), which means the air is forced out by pumping the glottis upward.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz акы [akʼə] 'one'
Adyghe шкӀэ [ʃkʲʼa] 'calf'
Archi кIан [kʼan] 'bottom'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] կեղծ [kʼɛʁt͡sʼ] 'false' Corresponds to tenuis [k⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
English[2][3] Non-local Dublin[4] back [bakʼ] 'back' Allophone of /k/ for some speakers.[4]
Northern English[5][6][7][8] Pre-pausal allophone of /k/ for some speakers;[5][7] may be somewhat palatalised.[5] See English phonology
Southern English[4][5][6][7]
Scottish[9] Occasional word-final allophone of /k/.[9]
Georgian აბა [kʼaba] 'dress'
Haida ttsanskkaagid [tsʼanskʼaːkit] 'beams'
Hausa ƙoƙari [kʼòːkʼɐ̄ɾī] 'effort'
Lezgian кIир [kʼir] 'fang'

See also

References

Bibliography