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Voiced labiodental stop

Voiced labiodental stop
IPA number 102 408
Encoding
Entity (decimal) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
Unicode (hex) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
X-SAMPA b_d
Kirshenbaum b[
Braille 25px25px25px
Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers

The voiced labiodental stop is a consonant sound produced like a [b], but with the lower lip contacting the upper teeth, as in [v]. This can be represented in the IPA as . A separate symbol that is sometimes seen, especially in Bantu linguistics but not recognized by the IPA, is the db ligature ȸ.

The voiced labiodental stop is not known to be phonemic in any language. However, it does occur allophonically:

In the Austronesian language Sika, this sound occurs as an allophone of the labiodental flap in careful pronunciation.

The XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga has affricates, [p̪͡f] (voiceless labiodental affricate) and [b̪͡v] (voiced labiodental affricate) (that is, [ȹ͡f] and [ȸ͡v]), which unlike the bilabial-labiodental affricate [p͡f] of German are purely labiodental.

Features

Features of the "voiced labiodental stop":

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Sika [example needed] Allophone of /ⱱ/ in careful pronunciation.


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