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Voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant

Voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant
Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
IPA number 182
Encoding
Entity (decimal) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
Unicode (hex) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
X-SAMPA s\
Kirshenbaum S;
Braille 25px25px
Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers

The voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some oral languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɕ ("c" with the curl also found in its voiced counterpart [[voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʑ]]
).

Features

File:Alveolopalatal fricative.svg
alveolo-palatal fricative [ɕ, ʑ]

Features of the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe щы About this sound [ɕə]  'three'
Catalan Eastern and Majorcan[1] caixa [ˈkaɕə] 'box' See Catalan phonology
Chuvash çиçĕм [ˈɕiɕ̬əm] 'lightning' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/.
Danish sjæl [ɕɛːˀl] 'soul' See Danish phonology
Dutch Some speakers sjabloon [ɕäˈbloːn] 'template' May be [[[voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʃ]]
] or [sʲ] instead. See Dutch phonology
Guarani Paraguayan che [ɕɛ] 'I'
Japanese[2] shio [ɕi.o] 'salt' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian щэ About this sound [ɕa]  'hundred'
Korean si [ɕi] 'poem' See Korean phonology
Mandarin Standard Mandarin 西安 Xī'ān About this sound [ɕí.án]  'Xi'an' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Mandarin phonology
Norwegian sjel [ɕe:l] 'soul' See Norwegian phonology
Pashto Wazirwola dialect لښکي‎</font> [ˈləɕki] 'little, slight'
Polish[3] śruba About this sound [ˈɕrubä]  'screw' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Polish phonology
Portuguese[4] Brazilian mexendo [me̞ˈɕẽ̞du] 'stirring', 'disturbing' Allophonic variation of /ʃ/. Contrasts with other sibilants only in onset. Argued both to be laminal [ʃ],[5] and generally produced "in the middle of the hard palate",[4] same of fellow alveolo-palatal [l̠ʲ] and [n̠ʲ],[6] and further palatalized than Italian post-alveolars.[7] Found in coda mainly before fricative, coronal and palatalized consonants in Brazil.[8][9] See Portuguese phonology
European (?) mesclas [ˈmɛɕklɐɕ] 'mixtures'
Carioca
Many Brazilian dialects estatísticas [i̥ɕtɐˈtɕiɕtɕikɐs] 'statistics'
Some speakers [i̥stɐˈtɕiɕːikɐs]
Romanian Transylvanian dialects[10] ce [ɕɛ] 'what' Realized as [] in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian счастьe About this sound [ˈɕːæsʲtʲjə]  'happiness' The letter щ is pronounced this way. Contrasts with /ʂ/, /s/, and /sʲ/. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian Croatian[11] miš će [mîɕ t͡ɕe̞] 'the mouse will' Allophone of /ʃ/ before /t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ/.[11] See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Swedish Sweden kjol About this sound [ɕuːl]  'skirt' See Swedish phonology
Finland sjok [ɕuːk] 'chunk' Allophone of /ɧ/.
Tibetan Lhasa dialect བཞི་ [ɕi˨˧] 'four' Contrasts with /ʂ/.
Uzbek[12] [example needed]
Yi xi [ɕi˧] 'thread'

See also

References

Bibliography

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