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Voiceless bilabial nasal

Voiceless bilabial nasal
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The voiceless bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩, a combination of the letter for the voiced bilabial nasal and a diacritic indicating voicelessness. The equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is m_0.

Features

Features of the voiceless bilabial nasal:

Template:Voiceless short

  • It is a nasal consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the nose, either exclusively (nasal stops) or in addition to through the mouth.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Burmese[1] မှာ [m̥à] 'notice'
Central Alaskan Yup'ik[2] pisteḿun [ˈpistəm̥un] 'to the servant'
English[citation needed] m-hm [mm̥m] 'yes'; 'I see' Used to indicate paying attention during a conversation. See English phonology
Estonian lehm [ˈle̞hm̥] 'cow'
French prisme [pχis̪m̥] 'prism' Allophone of /m/. See French phonology
Hmong Hmoob [m̥ɔ̃ŋ] 'Hmong'
Icelandic hampur [ˈham̥pʏr] 'hemp' See Icelandic phonology
Jalapa Mazatec[3] [m̥a] 'black' Contrasts with a voiced and a laryngealized bilabial nasal.
Kildin Sami[4] лēӎӎьк [lʲeːm̥ʲːk] 'strap'
Muscogee camhcá:ka [t͡ʃǝm̥t͡ʃɑːɡǝ] 'bell'
Ukrainian[5] ритм [rɨt̪m̥] 'rhythm' Word-final allophone of /m/ after voiceless consonants.[5] See Ukrainian phonology
Welsh[6] fy mhen [və m̥ɛn] 'my head' Occurs as the nasal mutation of /p/. See Welsh phonology

See also

References

Bibliography

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