The voiceless palatal lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a few spoken languages.
This is a rare sound. Dahalo has both a palatal lateral fricative and an affricate; Hadza has a series of affricates. In Bura, it is the realization of palatalized /ɬʲ/ and contrasts with [ʎ].
The IPA has no dedicated symbol for this sound. The devoicing and raising diacritics may be used to transcribe it: ⟨ʎ̥˔⟩ (decimal ʎ̥˔). However, the "belt" on the existing symbol for a voiceless lateral fricative, ⟨ɬ⟩, forms the basis for occasional ad hoc symbols for the other lateral fricatives, the third one, ⟨ ⟩, representing the palatal lateral fricative:
Indeed, SIL International has added these symbols to the Private Use Areas of their Gentium, Charis, and Doulos fonts, as U+F267 ().
Features of the voiceless palatal lateral fricative:
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|| Contrasts with [ɬ] and [ɮ].
|| Contrasts with [ɬ] and [ɬʷ]