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Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative

Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative
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The voiceless retroflex lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The IPA has no officially recognized symbol for this sound. However, in the literature the "belt" on the recognized symbol for a voiceless lateral fricative is combined with the tail of the retroflex consonants to create the ad hoc symbol .

Now that font-editing software has become accessible, well-designed glyphs for this and other non-sanctioned lateral fricatives will occasionally be seen:

File:Lateral fricatives.png

Indeed, SIL International added these symbols to the Private Use Area of their Charis and Doulos fonts, with the retroflex as U+F266. In 2008, the Unicode Technical Committee accepted this character as Template:Unichar, included in Unicode 6.0.


Features of the voiceless retroflex lateral fricative:

Template:Voiceless short

  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.


Language IPA Meaning Notes
Toda[1] [pʏːꞎ] 'summer'

See also


  1. ^ "Toda". The UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive. UCLA Department of Linguistics. 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-28.  —See #20 in the word list and the word list (TIF). The sound file (WAV) is also available.