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Voiceless retroflex nasal

Voiceless retroflex nasal
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The voiceless retroflex nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɳ̊ , a combination of the letter for the voiced retroflex nasal and a diacritic indicating voicelessness.


Features of the voiceless palatal nasal:

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  • It is a nasal consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the nose, either exclusively (nasal stops) or in addition to through the mouth.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.


It is found in Iaai.[1]

See also


  1. ^ UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, vol. 53–55, p. 212.