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Voiceless velar nasal

Voiceless velar nasal
ŋ̊
Encoding
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Unicode (hex) Template:Infobox IPA/format numbers
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The voiceless velar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ŋ̊, a combination of the letter for the voiced velar nasal and a diacritic indicating voicelessness. (For reasons of legibility, the ring is usually placed above the letter, rather than regular ŋ̥). The equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is N_0.

Features

Features of the voiceless velar nasal:

Template:Voiceless short

  • It is a nasal consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the nose, either exclusively (nasal stops) or in addition to through the mouth.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Burmese[1] ငှါး [ŋ̊á] 'borrow'
Central Alaskan Yup'ik[2] calisteńguciquq [tʃaˈlistəˈŋ̊utʃɪquq] 'he will be a worker'
Faroese[3] onkur [ˈɔŋ̊kʰʊɹ] 'anybody' Allophone of /n/ before an aspirated velar
Welsh[4] fy nghot [və ŋ̊ɔt] 'my coat' See Welsh phonology

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Jacobson, Steven (1995), A Practical Grammar of the Central Alaskan Yup'ik Eskimo Language, Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center, ISBN 978-1-55500-050-9 
  • Jones, Glyn E. (1984), "The distinctive vowels and consonants of Welsh", in Martin J. Ball and Glyn E. Jones, Welsh Phonology: Selected Readings, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, pp. 40–64, ISBN 0-7083-0861-9 
  • Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996), The Sounds of the World's Languages, Oxford: Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-19815-6 
  • Þráinsson, Höskuldur; Petersen, Hjalmar P.; Jacobsen, Jógvan í Lon; Hansen, Zakaris Svabo (2012), Faroese – An Overview and Reference Grammar, Tórshavn: Føroya fróðskaparfelag 
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