Open Access Articles- Top Results for Warren Giles

Warren Giles

Warren Crandall Giles (May 28, 1896 – February 7, 1979) was a American professional baseball executive. He spent 33 years in high-level posts in Major League Baseball, as club president and general manager of the Cincinnati Reds (1937–51) and president of the National League (1951–69), and was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

Born in Tiskilwa, Illinois,[1] Giles attended Washington & Lee University[2] and served as an infantry officer in France during World War I. Before becoming a full-time baseball executive he worked as a football and basketball official in the Missouri Valley Conference, a major U.S. college sports league.[3]

President/GM of the Cincinnati Reds

Giles was elected president of the Moline, Illinois, Plowboys baseball club in the Class B Three-I League at age 23 in 1919, beginning his 50-year career in baseball.

He then joined the St. Louis Cardinals' organization and rose to prominence as the president and business manager of their top-level farm teams, the Syracuse Stars (1926–27) and Rochester Red Wings (1928–36) of the International League. As a foreshadowing of his most powerful position in professional baseball, Giles spent part of the 1936 season as president of the International League.

Powel Crosley, Jr., owner of the Cincinnati Reds, appointed Giles as the club's general manager and president on November 1, 1936, succeeding Larry MacPhail. While the 1937 Reds won only 56 games and slid into the basement of the National League, the

  1. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year edition improved by 26 games to finish in the first division, earning Giles the 1938 Major League Executive of the Year award from The Sporting News. That season, on June 13, Giles swung one of the most successful trades in Cincinnati history, when he obtained starting pitcher Bucky Walters from the Philadelphia Phillies for catcher Spud Davis, pitcher Al Hollingsworth and cash.

Walters would help lead the Reds of

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  2. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year to back-to-back National League championships. The 1939 Reds—with Walters winning 27 games and the league Most Valuable Player award—captured the NL pennant by 4½ games, but they were swept by the New York Yankees in the World Series. Unfazed, the 1940 Reds won 100 games (with Walters accounting for 22 victories and leading the NL in earned run average for a second straight season) to repeat as league champions by a 12-length margin. Then, behind Walters' two complete game victories, the Reds defeated the Detroit Tigers in a seven-game World Series for the second world title in modern club history.

The Reds boasted .500 or above teams through

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Nevertheless Giles was a leading candidate to become baseball's third commissioner after Happy Chandler was fired in 1951. He was runner-up in the commissioner balloting to Ford Frick but succeeded Frick as president of the Senior Circuit on October 8, 1951.[3][5]

National League president

During his 18-year reign as chief executive of the National League (including the full seasons of 1952–69), Giles presided over several historic events.

The NL opened the West Coast and Southeastern United States territories by approving the transfers of the Los Angeles Dodgers and San Francisco Giants in

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  4. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year. Although "who says you have to have a team in New York [City]?"[3] was Giles' notorious reply when asked if his league would seek to replace the Dodgers and Giants in New York, the 1962 expansion, which created the Mets, returned the Senior Circuit to the city. The same expansion brought Major League Baseball to Texas, with the Houston Colt .45s. In 1969, Giles' last year in office, his league expanded into Canada with the Montreal Expos, adopted divisional play, and played the first National League Championship Series, between the Braves and Mets. Between 1952 and 1969, the NL's member clubs, with the exception of the Chicago Cubs, also opened or were planning to open new stadiums.

Giles' presidency also saw the National League widen its advantage over the American League in the signing of African-American and Latin American players, resulting in a three-decade-long dominance of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. In clubhouse meetings before the midsummer classic, Giles famously would exhort the NL's players to uphold their league's honor. During his tenure, the National League won 16 of 22 All-Star games played, with one tie. (Two games were played each year from 1959 to 1962.) The NL also won ten of 18 World Series during Giles' term.

In addition, Giles worked vigorously to keep premier players in his league. After the advent of interleague trading without waivers in November 1959, he lobbied against the trade of National League superstars to the American League to preserve the NL's hegemony. He was successful until his former team, the Reds, traded Frank Robinson to the Baltimore Orioles after the 1965 season.

During the early weeks of the

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Giles, then 73, announced his intention to retire after the

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Hall of Fame honors

Giles was elected to the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in

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The National League Championship Series trophy is named in his honor.[7] Also, Minor League Baseball gives out the Warren Giles Award to outstanding minor league presidents.[8][9][10]

His son, Bill Giles, has also had a 50-year baseball career. After serving as an executive with the Reds, Houston Colt .45s/Astros, and the Philadelphia Phillies, he became a part-owner of the Phillies in 1981, and served as their club president until 1997 before becoming board chairman and then chairman emeritus. Following in his father's footsteps, Bill Giles is also honorary president of the National League.


  1. ^ "Giles, Warren/ Baseball Hall of Fame". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d Sports Illustrated, June 10, 1963
  4. ^ Retrosheet
  5. ^ United Press International, February 8, 1979
  6. ^ a b United Press International, 1963-04-26
  7. ^ Jensen, Mike (October 16, 2008). "'Fantastic feeling' for Bill Giles". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  8. ^ "History: MiLB Major Award Winners". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  9. ^ Avallone, Michael (November 19, 2007). "Minor League Baseball announces top honorees: Annual awards salute outstanding organizations and executives". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 2011-10-06. [Presented] annually to a league president for exceptional service. 
  10. ^ Czerwinski, Kevin T. (December 14, 2006). "McEacharn claims 2006 Warren Giles Award". Retrieved 2011-10-06. 

External links

Preceded by
Larry MacPhail
Cincinnati Reds General Manager
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Succeeded by
Gabe Paul

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