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Westerbork (village)

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Westerbork
Village
Westerbork church in 2011
Westerbork church in 2011
Location in the province of Drenthe in the Netherlands

Coordinates: 52°51′6″N 6°36′34″E / 52.85167°N 6.60944°E / 52.85167; 6.60944Coordinates: 52°51′6″N 6°36′34″E / 52.85167°N 6.60944°E / 52.85167; 6.60944{{#coordinates:52|51|6|N|6|36|34|E|region:NL_type:city(4710) |primary |name=

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Country Netherlands
Province Drenthe
Municipality Midden-Drenthe
Population (2007 [1])
 • Total 4,710
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Westerbork (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʋɛstərˌbɔrk]) is a village with a population of 4,710 in the municipality of Midden-Drenthe in the Netherlands. It is located in the middle of the eastern province of Drenthe. During World War II, the Westerbork transit camp was located near the village. The Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope and the Camp Westerbork Museum are now situated at the site.

History

In 1939, the refugee camp Westerbork was established outside of the village to accommodate German refugees who had fled Nazi Germany.[2] A year later, Nazi Germany had occupied the Netherlands following the Battle of the Netherlands.[3] In 1942, the refugee camp was turned into a transit camp[4] and more than 100,000 Jews, Roma, and Sinti were deported via Westerbork to concentration and extermination camps in Nazi Germany and occupied Poland.[5] Between 1945 and 1948, after the war had ended, the camp was used as internment camp for collaborators.[6]

In 1969, the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope was installed near the site of the former camp. The radio telescope consists of an array of 14 antennas with a diameter of 25 metres each and is operated by ASTRON.

In 1983, the Camp Westerbork Museum was opened at the former camp site. It focuses on the occupation of the Netherlands during World War II, the persecution of the Jews, and the history of the camp.[7]

Westerbork was a separate municipality until 1998, when it became part of Middenveld, which was renamed Midden-Drenthe in 2000.[8]

Demography

In 2001, the town of Westerbork had 4,075 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 1.8 km², and contained 1,794 residences.[9] The statistical area "Westerbork", which can also include the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 4,710.[10]

References

  1. ^ CBS Statline
  2. ^ Refugee Camp – History, Camp Westerbork. Retrieved on 4 March 2015.
  3. ^ Refugee Camp – May 1940, Kamp Westerbork. Retrieved on 4 March 2015.
  4. ^ Refugee Camp – 1940-1942, Camp Westerbork. Retrieved on 4 March 2015.
  5. ^ Deportation, Camp Westerbork. Retrieved on 4 March 2015.
  6. ^ Internment Camp, Camp Westerbork. Retrieved on 4 March 2015.
  7. ^ Camp Westerbork Museum, Camp Westerbork. Retrieved on 4 March 2015.
  8. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, "Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten", KNAW, 2006. [1]
  9. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Bevolkingskernen in Nederland 2001. (Statistics are for the continuous built-up area).
  10. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005. As of 1 January 2005.

External links

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