Open Access Articles- Top Results for Western Iranian languages

Western Iranian languages

Western Iranian
Southwest Asia, Central Asia, Caucasus, and western South Asia
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
  • Northwestern Iranian
  • Southwestern Iranian (Persid)
Glottolog: west2794[1]

The Western Iranian languages are a branch of the Iranian languages, attested from the time of Old Persian (6th century BC) and Median.


The traditional Northwestern branch is a convention for non-Southwestern languages, rather than a genetic group. The languages are as follows:[2][3]

Old Iranian
Middle Iranian

Also Khalaj (incertae sedis)

The dialects of Central Iran are a geographic rather than genetic grouping. They are spoken mostly in Markazi and Isfahan provinces. Many of them are giving way to Persian among the younger generations.[4]

Warduji is unclassified. It is probably a variety of Persian, but is not readily intelligible to speakers of standard Iranian Persian.

See also


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Western Iranian". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Gernot Windfurh, 2009, "Dialectology and Topics", The Iranian Languages, Routledge
  3. ^ Languages preceded by question marks, and many of the varieties of Persian, are from other sources. The dialects of the Central Plateau are from the source provided there.
  4. ^ a b Central dialects, Encyclopedia Iranica


  • Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum, ed. Rüdiger Schmitt. Wiesbaden: L. Reichert Verlag, 1989; p. 99.