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White Haitian

White Haitians (French: blanc haïtiens Template:IPA-fr; Haitian Creole: blan ayisyen) are Haitians of predominantly European, or Levantine descent.

Most French colonists died or fled Saint-Domingue during the Haitian Revolution and the surviving remainder were annihilated in the 1804 Haiti Massacre. Prior the United States occupation of Haiti, white people were prohibited from both Haitian citizenship and the right to purchase land or any property.[1] In the late 19th century, European merchants who wanted to invest in Haiti had to marry Haitian women to use them as legal figureheads; this led to a gradual whitening of the new ruling class.

As of 2013, people of solely European descent are a small minority in Haiti. The combined population of whites and mulattoes constitutes 5% of the population, roughly half a million people.[2] People born to foreigners on Haitian soil are not automatically Haitian citizens due to the jus sanguinis (from Latin, meaning "right of blood") principle of nationality law.[3]

See also


  1. ^ F. James Davis, Who is Black?: One Nation’s Definition (University Park PA, 1991), 87-88.
  2. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook -- Haiti". CIA. Archived from the original on 7 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-04. 
  3. ^ Paraison, Edwin (9 May 2009). "Doble nacionalidad; La Constitución haitiana en la diáspora" (in Spanish). Hoy. Retrieved 13 April 2014.