Willie Park, Sr.
|Willie Park, Snr.|
|— Golfer —|
Park wearing the Challenge Belt
|Full name||William Park, Sr.|
30 June 1833|
Wallyford, Musselburgh, Scotland, UK
25 July 1903 (aged 70)|
Levenhall, Musselburgh, Scotland, UK
|Best results in major championships|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1860, 1863, 1866, 1875|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||2005 (member page)|
Park was born in Musselburgh, Scotland. Like some of the other early professional golfers, Park started out as a caddie. He later ran a golf equipment manufacturing business. On the course, he made his money from "challenge matches" against rivals such as Old Tom Morris, Willie Dunn and Allan Robertson, which were the most popular form of spectator golf in his era.
Park, a tall, strong man, was a very long hitter and an excellent putter, but sometimes got into trouble through overly aggressive play. He had surpassed the older Willie Dunn by age 20, and travelled to St Andrews Links to play and learn that course. He issued a public challenge in 1853 to Robertson, generally recognised as the best player, which was, however, not taken up. Custom of the time allowed the best player to refuse a challenge of this sort without damage to his reputation. Park further fuelled controversy through his aggressive self-promotion, but this did lead to increased interest in golf rivalries, more press coverage, and more matches and tournaments being set up, developing the professional game and increasing the incomes of players such as Park, Morris, and Robertson.
Death and legacy
Park died on 25 July 1903. He is primarily best remembered as the winner of four Open Championships, including the inaugural event in 1860, when the field was just eight strong. His other victories came in 1863, 1866 and 1875. Park was the co-holder of the record for most wins in the tournament until James Braid picked up his fifth win in 1910.
|Year||Championship||24 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner-up|
|1860||The Open Championship||Not known||55-59-60=174||2 strokes||23x15px Tom Morris, Sr.|
|1863||The Open Championship (2)||4 shot lead||56-54-58=168||2 strokes||23x15px Tom Morris, Sr.|
|1866||The Open Championship (3)||5 shot lead||54-56-59=169||2 strokes||23x15px Davie Park|
|1875||The Open Championship (4)||1 shot deficit||56-59-51=166||2 strokes||23x15px Bob Martin|
|The Open Championship||1||2||2||1||4||2||1||2||4||DNP|
|The Open Championship||6||NT||DNP||DNP||13||1||3||T8||T6||DNP|
|The Open Championship||15||T9||T7||22||DNP||DNP||T36|
- Note: Park played only in The Open Championship.
NT = No tournament
DNP = Did not play
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10
- "Deaths in the District of Inveresk and Musselburgh in the County of Edinburgh". Statutory Deaths 689/00 0146. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 19 February 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Cook, Kevin (2007). Tommy's Honor: The Story of Old Tom Morris and Young Tom Morris, Golf's Founding Father and Son. New York: Gotham Books. ASIN B004SI8XEU. ISBN 978-1592403424.
- "1860 Willie Park Sr". The Open. Retrieved 16 October 2013.