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World Billiards Championship (English billiards)

Template:About-distinguish2 The WPBSA World Billiards Championships are a pair of international, professional cue sports tournaments in the discipline of English billiards. The formerly singular championship has been divided, since 2010, into separate timed and points divisions, like the amateur world championships. In its various forms, and usually as a single World Billiards Championship, the title is one of the oldest sporting world championships, dating in earnest (though irregularly) to 1869. The rules adopted by the Billiards Association in 1899 are essentially the rules still used today. The tournaments have been played on a regular annual schedule since 1980, when it became administered by the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association (WPBSA). The event was known as the World Professional Billiards Championship until 2010, and has had other names in the past, e.g. Billiards Championship of the World.

History

In the early 19th century,[clarification needed] Jack Carr and Edwin Kentfield were the prominent players in the game of English Billiards. Carr challenged Kentfield to a championship game. But, ironically, Carr died on the eve of the match, and Kentfield hence assumed the title. He would remain unchallenged for 24 years.

John Roberts, Sr. took on the title,[clarification needed] when after many years trying to build his name, he challenged Kentfield to a game. There was much controversy over the table and the pockets, and Kentfield decided not to play the game. He preferred to be a retired champion, rather than a beaten one, and Roberts Sr. therefore assumed the title of World Champion by default again.

Two youngsters then rose onto the Billiards scene. William Cook, and Roberts's son John Roberts, Jr. were very much the understudies, but Cook beat Roberts Jr. in a match in 1869, and challenged Roberts Sr. for the title. Due to this being the first actual match for the World Championship, the players themselves drew up a special set of rules for the game. Roberts managed to get the pocket width reduced to 3–inches (from the original 358–in), and the "D" and spots were adjusted so that Cook's spot stroke strength was weakened. Cook was nonetheless considered the favourite, and the 20-year-old had improved much from his win over Roberts Jr. the previous year. At 1:38 a.m.,[when?] Cook defeated Roberts to win the title, and won a newly created trophy, £100 and a Maltese cross. The Prince of Wales even attended the match at St. James's Hall. This match ended the dominance of Roberts Sr., as the wave of new players took over the game.

That initiated the World Championship, and it led to many challenges for the title. Roberts Jr. and Cook were the dominant players of the era. There were occasional uncontested matches. The rule said that a player had to accept a challenge within two months of it being issued. If it were ignored, the challenger became World Champion.

There was still the issue of the rules however. Many players preferred the "spot-barred" style, but some preferred the "all-in" rules. The spot-barred prevented repeat potting of the red, a tactic of the all-in variant that made the game boring for spectators. The tactic was a great strength for William Peall in particular, and he was naturally in favour of the all-in game.

There were three all-in competitions held separately from the title that Roberts held. Roberts was never challenged for that title. Billy Mitchell and Peall excelled in the late 1880s.

In 1892, the Billiards Association (later Billiards Association and Control Council or BA&CC, a precursor of the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association or WPBSA) took the chance to take control of the situation. They sanctioned two championships, a spot-barred and an all-in. Roberts ignored the competition, but the tournaments went ahead regardless. The "championship table" that Roberts Sr. had created was abandoned, and the normal table was instead used. Peall held the all-in title unchallenged, whereas Mitchell dominated spot-barred.

In 1899, after 5 years without challenges, the Billiards Association changed the rules of the game. After two spot strokes, the red would be replaced on the centre spot, to limit the repetition of "all-in" play. Peall accepted this, although at the detriment of his personal fortunes, voting for the introduction of the new rule. This collectively gave rise to the modern version of English billiards, still played (with minor changes) today.

Until 1910, there were many challenges, but in 1911, the competition was altered so that it became an annual tournament, to cope with the influx of new professionals.

In 1934, the tournament was won by Walter Lindrum, and the championship then collapsed. There were two matches held for the title in a span of decades, in 1951 and 1964.

In the 1970s, the challenges began to return. Rex Williams was dominant in this period.

The World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association had been formed by 1980, and attempted to control the professional billiards game on a tournament basis. Fred Davis won at the age of 67 to become World Champion. During the 1980s, (and again in 2003), the championship has been played on many shorter games.[clarification needed]

Since 1980, the title has been held almost annually. Mike Russell has been the most successful player in that era, closely followed by Geet Sethi. A small number of Australian players had some success in the 1980s, most notably Robby Foldvari (winner 1986, runner-up 1987) and Eddie Charlton (twice runner-up, 1984 and 1988), and there are now a number of Indian players besides Sethi involved in the game.

As of 2012, the WPBSA World Championship was merged with the former IBSF World Billiards Championship. Under the name World Billiards Championship, tournaments were held in both points and timed format.

World Championship Results

[1][2]

Initial, self-declared World Champions

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
1825 23x15px Edwin Kentfield Declared Champion
1849 23x15px John Roberts Sr. Declared Champion

Challenge "spot-barred" World Championships

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
February 1870 23x15px William Cook 1,200 23x15px John Roberts Sr. 1,083
April 1870 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 1,000 23x15px William Cook 552
May 1870 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 1,000 23x15px Alfred Bowles 752
November 1870 23x15px Joseph Bennett 1,000 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 905
January 1871 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 1,000 23x15px Joseph Bennett 637
May 1871 23x15px William Cook 1,000 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 985
November 1871 23x15px William Cook 1,000 23x15px Joseph Bennett 942
April 1872 23x15px William Cook 1,000 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 799
February 1874 23x15px William Cook 1,000 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 784
May 1875 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 1,000 23x15px William Cook 837
December 1875 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 1,000 23x15px William Cook 865
April 1876 23x15px William Cook   Declared Champion  
May 1877 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 1,000 23x15px William Cook 779
July 1878 23x15px William Cook   Declared Champion  
November 1880 23x15px Joseph Bennett 1,000 23x15px William Cook 949
January 1881 23x15px Joseph Bennett 1,000 23x15px Tom Taylor 910
September 1881 23x15px William Cook   Declared Champion  
February 1885 23x15px John Roberts, Jr.   Declared Champion  
March 1885 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 3,000 23x15px William Cook 2,908
June 1885 23x15px John Roberts, Jr. 3,000 23x15px Joseph Bennett 1,360

Unofficial "all-in" World Championships

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
October 1887 23x15px Billy Mitchell 15,000 23x15px William Peall 13,733
March 1888 23x15px William Peall 15,000 23x15px Billy Mitchell 5,753

"Championship of the World" Tournaments

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
January 1889 23x15px Billy Mitchell
February 1890 23x15px William Peall
March 1891 23x15px William Peall

Billiard Association tournament World Championships

All-in

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
April 1892 23x15px William Peall 5,000 23x15px Billy Mitchell 1,755

Spot-barred

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
April 1892 23x15px Billy Mitchell 3,000 23x15px John North 2,697
February 1893 23x15px Billy Mitchell 9,000 23x15px John North 7,525
January 1894 23x15px Billy Mitchell 9,000 23x15px Charles Dawson 8,163

Billiard Association challenge World Championships

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
January 1899 23x15px Charles Dawson 9,000 23x15px John North 4,715
April 1900 23x15px Charles Dawson 9,000 23x15px Harry Stevenson 6,775
January 1901 23x15px Harry Stevenson 9,000 23x15px Charles Dawson 6,406
April 1901 23x15px Charles Dawson 9,000 23x15px Harry Stevenson 5,796
November 1901 23x15px Harry Stevenson   Declared Champion  
March 1903 23x15px Charles Dawson 9,000 23x15px Harry Stevenson 8,700
1908 23x15px Melbourne Inman   Declared Champion  
March 1909 23x15px Melbourne Inman 9,000 23x15px Albert Williams 7,662
April 1909 23x15px Harry Stevenson   Declared Champion  
October 1910 23x15px Harry Stevenson 18,000 23x15px Melbourne Inman 16,907

Billiard Association tournament World Championships

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
1911 23x15px Harry Stevenson 18,000 23x15px Melbourne Inman 16,914
1912 23x15px Melbourne Inman 18,000 23x15px Tom Reece 9,675
1913 23x15px Melbourne Inman 18,000 23x15px Tom Reece 16,627
1914 23x15px Melbourne Inman 18,000 23x15px Tom Reece 12,826
1919 23x15px Melbourne Inman 18,000 23x15px Harry Stevenson 9,468
1920 23x15px Willie Smith 16,000 23x15px Claude Falkiner 14,500
1921 23x15px Tom Newman 16,000 23x15px Tom Reece 10,744
1922 23x15px Tom Newman 16,000 23x15px Claude Falkiner 15,167
1923 23x15px Willie Smith 16,000 23x15px Tom Newman 15,180
1924 23x15px Tom Newman 16,000 23x15px Tom Reece 14,845
1925 23x15px Tom Newman 16,000 23x15px Tom Reece 10,092
1926 23x15px Tom Newman 16,000 23x15px Joe Davis 9,505
1927 23x15px Tom Newman 16,000 23x15px Joe Davis 14,763
1928 23x15px Joe Davis 16,000 23x15px Tom Newman 14,874
1929 23x15px Joe Davis 18,000 23x15px Tom Newman 17,219
1930 23x15px Joe Davis 20,198 23x15px Tom Newman 20,117
1932 23x15px Joe Davis 25,161 23x15px Clark McConachy 19,259
1933 23x15px Walter Lindrum 21,815 23x15px Joe Davis 21,121
1934 23x15px Walter Lindrum 23,553 23x15px Joe Davis 22,678

Post-WWII challenge World Championships

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
1951 23x15px Clark McConachy 9,274 23x15px John Barrie 6,691
1968 23x15px Rex Williams 5,499 23x15px Clark McConachy 5,234
June 1971 23x15px Leslie Driffield 9,029 23x15px Jack Karnehm 4,342
1971 23x15px Rex Williams 9,250 23x15px Bernard Bennett 4,058
January 1973 23x15px Leslie Driffield 9,204 23x15px Albert Johnson 4,696
September 1973 23x15px Rex Williams 8,360 23x15px Jack Karnehm 4,336
September 1974 23x15px Rex Williams 7,017 23x15px Eddie Charlton 4,916
1976 23x15px Rex Williams 9,105 23x15px Eddie Charlton 5,149

WPBSA World Championships

Date Winner Score Runner-up Score
May 1980 23x15px Fred Davis 5,978 23x15px Rex Williams 4,452
November 1980 23x15px Fred Davis 3,037 23x15px Mark Wildman 2,064
1982 23x15px Rex Williams 3,000 23x15px Mark Wildman 1,785
1983 23x15px Rex Williams 1,500 23x15px Fred Davis 605
1984 23x15px Mark Wildman 1,045 23x15px Eddie Charlton 1,012
1985 23x15px Ray Edmonds 3 23x15px Norman Dagley 1
1986 23x15px Robby Foldvari 3 23x15px Norman Dagley 1
1987 23x15px Norman Dagley 3 23x15px Robby Foldvari 1
1988 23x15px Norman Dagley 7 23x15px Eddie Charlton 4
1989 23x15px Mike Russell 2,242 23x15px Peter Gilchrist 1,347
1991 23x15px Mike Russell 1,352 23x15px Robby Foldvari 957
1992 Template:Country data India Geet Sethi 2,529 23x15px Mike Russell 718
1993 Template:Country data India Geet Sethi 2,139 23x15px Mike Russell 1,140
1994 23x15px Peter Gilchrist 1,539 23x15px Mike Russell 645
1995 Template:Country data India Geet Sethi 1,661 Template:Country data India Devendra Joshi 931
1996 23x15px Mike Russell 2,534 Template:Country data India Geet Sethi 1,848
1998 Template:Country data India Geet Sethi 1,400 23x15px Mike Russell 1,015
1999 23x15px Mike Russell 2,000 23x15px Peter Gilchrist 832
2001 23x15px Peter Gilchrist 1,287 23x15px Mike Russell 863
2002 23x15px Mike Russell 2,251 23x15px Peter Gilchrist 1,273
2003 23x15px Mike Russell 6 23x15px Peter Gilchrist 4
2004 23x15px Mike Russell 2,402 23x15px David Causier 1,349
2005 23x15px Chris Shutt 1,620 23x15px Mike Russell 1,365
2006 Template:Country data India Geet Sethi 2,073 23x15px Lee Lagan 1,057
2007 23x15px Mike Russell 2,166 23x15px Chris Shutt 1,710
2008 23x15px Mike Russell 1,823 Template:Country data India Geet Sethi 1,342
2009 Template:Country data India Pankaj Advani 2,030 23x15px Mike Russell[3] 1,253
2010 23x15px Mike Russell[4] 1,738 Template:Country data India Dhruv Sitwala 1,204
2011[5] 23x15px Mike Russell 1,500 23x15px David Causier 558

World Billiards Ltd World Championships

Date Format Winner Score Runner-up Score
2012 Points[6] Template:Country data India Rupesh Shah 6 23x15px Matthew Bolton 2
Timed[7] Template:Country data India Pankaj Advani 1,895 23x15px Mike Russell 1,216
2013 Points[8] 23x15px David Causier 6 Template:Country data India Alok Kumar 1
Timed[9] 23x15px Peter Gilchrist 1,500 23x15px Dave Causier 1,085
2014 Points[10] Template:Country data India Pankaj Advani 6 23x15px Peter Gilchrist 2
Timed[11] Template:Country data India Pankaj Advani 1,928 23x15px Robert Hall 893

References

  1. ^ "The Professional Champions of English Billiards". The English Amateur Billiards Association. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Roll of Honour". Cue Sports India. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Everton, Clive (6 September 2009). "Pankaj Advani seals World Professional Billiards Championship win". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 9 September 2009. 
  4. ^ "Knock-out Round". Cue Sports India. Archived from the original on 21 January 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "Russell Takes Billiards Crown Again". worldsnooker.com. World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association. Retrieved 31 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Subbaiah, Sunil. "Rupesh Shah wins second world title". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Pankaj Advani wins World Billiards title". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Pathak, Vivek (25 October 2013). "David Causier, the new champion for World Billiards (Short format)". International Billiards and Snooker Federation. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "IBSF Long up Billiards Championships Long up – Leeds / England 2013". International Billiards and Snooker Federation. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "Advani stuns Gilchrist to clinch World Billiards title". The Times of India. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Advani: first ever player to bag billiards triple double". The Hindu. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014.