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Wright Model E

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This page is a soft redirect.Wright Model E, over Simms Station near Dayton, Ohio, 1913 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Wright Model E
Role

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National origin

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Manufacturer

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Designer

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First flight

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Number built

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The Wright Model E was the first in the series of Wright Flyers that used a single propeller[1] The aircraft was also the test demonstrator for the first automatic pilot control.

Design

The Model E featured 24 inch tires. It was flown with four and six cylinder Wright engines.

The model E was fitted with a prototype autopilot that used a wind driven generator and pendulums to drive the wing warping controls. The design was quickly eclipsed by a gyroscopic autopilot developed by Lawrence Sperry for the competing Curtiss Aeroplane Company.[2]

Operational history

On 31 December 1913, Orville Wright demonstrated a Model E with a "automatic stabilizer" flying seven circuits around Huffman Prairie field with his hands above his head.[3] The Model E demonstrations earned the Wright Brothers the 1913 Collier Trophy from Aero Club of America.

Albert Elton (1881–1975) purchased the sole Wright Model E for exhibition flights.[4]

Specifications (Wright Model E)

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: Script error: No such module "convert".
  • Wingspan: Script error: No such module "convert".
  • Wing area: Script error: No such module "convert".
  • Empty weight: Script error: No such module "convert".
  • Powerplant: 1 × aircraft engine
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed pitch, Script error: No such module "convert". diameter

References

  1. ^ "1913 Wright Model E". Retrieved 3 Feb 2011. 
  2. ^ Tom D. Crouch. The Bishop's boys: a life of Wilbur and Orville Wright. 
  3. ^ "Wright Automatic Stabilizer". New York Times. 6 Jan 1914. 
  4. ^ American Aviation Historical Society. American Aviation Historical Society journal, Volumes 9-11.  Missing or empty |title= (help)