Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science
|Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science|
File:Yale School of Engineering.png|
Crest of the School of Engineering
Engineering Department (1852–1932)|
School of Engineering (1932–1961)
Faculty of Engineering (1961–2008)
|Academic affiliation||Yale University|
|Location||New Haven, Connecticut, USA|
|Dean||T. Kyle Vanderlick|
The Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science is the engineering school of Yale University. When the first professor of civil engineering was hired in 1852, a Yale School of Engineering was established in within the Yale Scientific School, and in 1932 the engineering faculty organized as a separate, constituent school of the university. The school offers undergraduate and graduate classes and degrees in electrical engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, biomedical engineering, and mechanical engineering and materials science. It operates research programs in molecular engineering, combustion, microelectronics, materials, medical imaging and nanoscience.
School and departmental rankings
Yale Engineering was ranked first among federally funded U.S. universities in 2007 in faculty publication citation impact for the period from 2001 to 2005 based on average citations per paper. Yale Engineering had also been ranked Number 1 from 1997 to 2001. Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering at Yale were both ranked in the top ten in the U.S. according to the scholarly activity index of the Chronicle of Higher Education. The United States National Research Council 2010 report granted Yale's Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Engineering departments S rankings of 2-11 and 1-2 respectively. Yale Engineering also has the second lowest student to faculty ratio in the U.S.
Establishment in the Sheffield Scientific School (1852–1919)
Engineering education at Yale began more than a century before the founding of a School of Engineering. In the first half of the nineteenth century, chemistry professor Benjamin Silliman made fundamental contributions to the fractional distillation of petroleum, and his son, chemistry professor Benjamin Silliman, Jr., commercialized the process as a fuel source. In 1852, William A. Norton moved from Brown University to become Yale's first Professor of Civil Engineering, which established a faculty of engineering at Yale.
In 1854, two years after Norton's appointment, engineering became part of the new Scientific School, renamed the Sheffield Scientific School in 1860 in honor of Joseph Earl Sheffield. In 1863, Yale granted the first American Ph.D. in engineering to J. Willard Gibbs, who later taught at Yale and became one of the founders of the field of thermodynamics.
Professor Norton was joined by physicist Chester Lyman in 1959, by mechanical engineering professor William P. Trowbridge in 1870, and A. Jay DuBois in 1877, who succeeded Trowbridge. By the end of the century, the Engineering Department had three sub-departments: civil engineering, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering. The last of these fields was introduced at Yale by Charles S. Hastings and Henry A. Bumstead in the 1880s.
School foundation, dissolution, and revival (1919–)
In the first half of the twentieth century, a gradual reorganization of engineering education at Yale took place with the integration of Sheffield programs with Yale College and Graduate School and, in 1932, the creation of a School of Engineering. In 1961, the school was reduced to a department within Yale College.
Though a new Marcel Breuer–designed engineering building was opened in 1970, the demotion of school caused Yale's engineering programs to atrophy. University administrators discussed entirely restructuring, or possibly eliminating, the faculty in the early 1990s. The appointment of D. Allan Bromley as Dean of Engineering in 1994 provided much-needed momentum. Bromley, a nuclear physicist and science adviser to U.S. President George H. W. Bush, was a forceful advocate for engineering at Yale. New programs in biomedical and environmental engineering were introduced during his tenure. Bromley also instituted the Sheffield Fellowship, to recognize technological leaders, the Sheffield Distinguished Teaching Awards, and the "Select Program", a five-year combined B.S. M.Eng. degree program, all named to honor the Sheffield Scientific School.
In 2000, Paul A. Fleury was appointed Dean. The department received renewed university investment beginning in the same year, when Yale President Richard Levin announced a $500 million capital investment in sciences and engineering at Yale. The Malone Engineering Center was opened in 2005 to expand campus facilities for biomedical engineering and teaching, establishing a separate Department of Biomedical Engineering. The building was named by businessman John C. Malone for his father; Malone gave another large gift to the school in 2011, endowing 10 professorships. In 2008, Kyle Vanderlick was appointed Dean and the school was reestablished as the School of Engineering & Applied Science. In July 2010, the school was reorganized by Vanderlick: the Department of Mechanical Engineering was expanded to include materials science, Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering were merged as a single department, and Applied Physics was separated from the School of Engineering to become an independent department within the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
|Mason Laboratory||1911||Charles C. Haight||Built originally for the Sheffield Scientific School, it was the gift of Sheffield graduates William Smith Mason and George Grant Mason. Mason was remodeled in 1967 and provides classroom, office, and laboratory facilities.|
|Dunham Laboratory||1912||Henry G. Morse||Also built for Sheffield, it was the gift of Austin C. Dunham. This Collegiate Gothic building includes laboratories, classrooms and offices. Addition added in 1958 (office of Douglas Orr).|
|Becton Engineering and Applied Science Center||150px||1970||Marcel Breuer||Built from pre-cast concrete panels, Becton contains offices, laboratories, a cafe, and an auditorium. Funded in part by a donation from Henry P. Becton.|
|David S. Malone Engineering Center||2005||Cesar Pelli||This triangular building was funded in part by John C. Malone and built with a limestone veneer and a glass curtain wall. Malone contains laboratories for research and teaching. The building fronts the Farmington Canal|
- Robert Doherty, 1932–1936
- Samuel W. Dudley, 1936–1948
- Walter J. Wohlenberg, 1948–1955
- Dana Young, 1955–1961
- Felix Zweig, 1961–1966
- D. Allan Bromley, 1994–2000
- Paul A. Fleury, 2000–2007
- T. Kyle Vanderlick, 2008–present
- Yale Engineering News
- Science Watch, 18(1), Jan./Feb. 2007
- Chronicle of Higher Education, Jan. 12, 2007
- Prism Magazine, Nov. 2006
- Schiff, Judith Ann (November 2005). "How Yale Launched the Oil Economy". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Welch, Lewis Sheldon; Camp, Walter (1899). Yale, Her Campus, Class-rooms, and Athletics. Boston: L. C. Page and Company. pp. 373–378. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Fellman, Bruce (April 2002). "Rebuilding Engineering". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Fellman, Bruce (May 2000). "Serious About the Sciences". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Fellman, Bruce (April 1998). "Biomedical Goes Major". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Arenson, Karen W. (19 January 2000). "At Yale, a $500 Million Plan Reflects a New Age of Science". New York Times. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Weaver, Jacqueline (14 October 2005). "University dedicates Malone Engineering Center". Yale Bulletin & Calendar (Yale University) 34 (7). Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Henderson, Drew (25 March 2011). "SEAS nets $50 million donation". Yale Daily News. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
- T. Kyle Vanderlick named Yale Dean of Engineering
- Yale Creates School of Engineering & Applied Science, Yale University Office of Public Affairs
- Hsin, Carol (6 September 2010). "Engineering school shake-up rattles professors". Yale Daily News. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Yale Facilities: Mason Laboratory
- Yale Facilities: Dunham Laboratory
- Yale Facilities: Becton Center
- University dedicates Malone Engineering Center, Yale Bulletin and Calendar, October 21, 2005, Volume 34, Number 8]
- Yale Engineering through the Centuries
- In memoriam, Felix Zweig, Yale Bulletin and Calendar, Volume 36, Number 6, October 12, 2007
- Cunningham, W. Jack (1992). Engineering at Yale: School, Department, Council, 1932-1982. Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.
- Kerr, Edith (October 1952). "Yale Engineering: The First 100 Years". Yale Alumni Magazine: 45–46.