|Revised Romanization||yuja hwachae|
Yuja hwachae is a variety of hwachae, Korean traditional fruit punch made with finely shredded yuja (yuzu), bae (배, Korean pear) and honey or sugar. In Korea, yuja are largely cultivated in the southern part of the Korean peninsula such as Goheung and Wando, Geoje, and Namhae. Therefore, yuja hwachae has been a local specialty of the Jeolla Province and Gyeongsang Province.
One yuja is slit down into a quarter to peel off its rind to carefully keep the inner flesh intact. The peeled fruit is divided into its segments from which the endocarp, central column and seeds are taken out. Each piece of the rinds is placed on a cutting board and the zest is finely shredded after the white membrane are removed. A peeled Korean pear is thinly shredded and placed alongside the array of the zest. The yuja flesh is squeezed to produce the juice that is mixed with prepared and chilled syrup made of water and sugar.
The shredded zest and pear are arranged in a large glass bowl for hwachae by the yellow and white array. After the sugar water is poured over them, the punch is placed for about 30 minutes to allow the yuja's flavor and scent to emerge. Several pomegranate arils and pine nuts are place on the center of the yuja hwachae as garnishes. The prepared hwachae is served in a small individual bowl.
In Korean culture
Yuja hwachae was served a lot in Korean royal court cuisine during the Joseon Dynasty. It is considered not only good for thirst quenching but also known for its decoration. Yuja hwachae is traditionally drunk in autumn, and is closely related to the Korean traditional festival called Junggu (중구 重九) or Juyangjeol (중양절). It falls on every 9th day of September in the lunar calendar and is said that two yang (positive cosmic forces) is overlapped on the date. It was a custom for Korea people to eat yuja hwachae along with gukhwajeon (국화전), flower pancake made with chrysanthemum and gukhwaju (국화주), rice wine made with the flower on the date.
- "Kind of Eumcheongryu". Hwachae (Honeyed juice mixed with fruits). Korea Agro-Fisheries Trade Corporation. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
- "Yujaz hwachae (유자화채)" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
- Lee E-hwa; Ju-Hee Park (translation) (2006). Korea's pastimes and customs: A Social History. Homa & Sekey Books. pp. 170–172. ISBN 1-931907-38-2. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- Shin Najeong (신나정) (2007-12-06). "Interesting Food Story (Yuja) (재밌는 푸드 이야기 (유자)" (in Korean). MBN Radio. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- "(Korean Food Culture Series - Part 3) Special Food for Seasonal Occasions". Korea Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- Christian Roy (2005). Traditional Festivals: A Multicultural Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 116. ISBN 1-57607-089-1. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- Video clip of making yuja hwachae and omija hwachae
- Hwachae: Refreshing Beverage to Beat the Summer Heat
- Yuja hwachae pictureru:Чай юча