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Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta

The Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta is a river delta located where the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers empty into the Bering Sea on the west coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. At approximately Script error: No such module "convert". in size,[1] it is one of the largest deltas in the world.[2][3] It is larger than the Mississippi Delta (which varies between Script error: No such module "convert".),[1] and comparable in size to the entire U.S. state of Louisiana (Script error: No such module "convert".).[4] The delta, which consists mostly of tundra, is protected as part of the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge.

The delta has approximately 25,000 residents. 85% of these are Alaska Natives: Yupik Eskimos and Athabaskan Indians. The main population center and service hub is the city of Bethel, with an estimated population of around 6,219 (as of 2011).[5] Bethel is surrounded by 49 smaller villages, with the largest villages consisting of over 1,000 people. Most residents live a traditional subsistence lifestyle of hunting, fishing, and gathering. More than 30 percent have cash incomes well below the federal poverty threshold.

The area has virtually no roads; travel is by Bush plane, or by river boats in summer and snowmachines in winter.

Bethel is the location of the Yukon Kuskokwim Correctional Center.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Lyman K. Thorsteinson; Paul R. Becker; David A. Hale (1989). The Yukon Delta: a synthesis of information. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 
  2. ^ International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (1993). Wetlands in danger. Mitchell Beazley (in association with IUCN-The World Conservation Union). p. 62. ISBN 978-1-85732-166-1. 
  3. ^ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Region 7 (1987). Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge: comprehensive conservation plan, environmental impact statement, wilderness review, and wild river plan : draft. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. p. xi. 
  4. ^ "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF) (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. pp. V–2, 1 & 41 (Tables 1 & 18). Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/02/0206520.html retrieved Nov 16, 2012
  6. ^ Alaska Dept of Corrections

External links

Coordinates: 61°22′0.0″N 163°43′0.0″W / 61.366667°N 163.716667°W / 61.366667; -163.716667{{#coordinates:61|22|0.0|N|163|43|0.0|W|type:landmark_region:US_source:dewiki_scale:4000000 |primary |name= }}


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