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Zeitz

For the surname, see Zeitz (surname).

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Coordinates: 51°2′52″N 12°8′18″E / 51.04778°N 12.13833°E / 51.04778; 12.13833Coordinates: 51°2′52″N 12°8′18″E / 51.04778°N 12.13833°E / 51.04778; 12.13833{{#coordinates:51|2|52|N|12|8|18|E|type:city(32863)_region:DE-ST |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> Germany</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">State</th><td> Saxony-Anhalt</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">District</th><td> Burgenlandkreis </td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor</th><td> Volkmar Kunze (FDP)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Area</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Total</th><td> 87.15 km2 (33.65 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Population (2008-12-31)</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Total</th><td> 32,863</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 380/km2 (980/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Time zone</th><td> CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Postal codes</th><td class="adr"> 06712, 06724, 06727</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Dialling codes</th><td> 03441, 034423, 034426</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Vehicle registration</th><td> BLK</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Website</th><td> German: Stadt Zeitz</td></tr></table>

Zeitz is a town in the Burgenlandkreis district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on the river Weiße Elster, in the triangle of the federal states Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Saxony.

History

Zeitz was first recorded under the name Cici in the synode of Ravenna in 967. Between 965 and 982, it was the chief fortress of the March of Zeitz. Zeitz was a bishop's residence between 968 and 1028, when it was moved to Naumburg. Beginning at the end of the 13th century (1200s), the bishops again resided in their castle at Zeitz. The Herrmannsschacht (built in 1889) is one of the oldest brick factories in the world.

A bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, the Brabag plant northeast of Zeitz used lignite coal to synthesize ersatz oil[1]forced labor was provided by the nearby Wille subcamp of Buchenwald in Rehmsdorf and Gleina.[citation needed] In the middle of the 1960s work started on the "Zeitz-Ost" residential area, and in the mid-1980s, housing estates such as the "Völkerfreundschaft" (English: International Friendship) were built.

On 18 August 1976, the Protestant clergyman Oskar Brüsewitz from Rippicha burnt himself to death in front of the Michaeliskirche. This was a protest against the DDR system. The town was an industrial centre until German Reunification made many companies in eastern Germany uncompetitive. The town still has a large sugar factory.

Main sights

Zeitz sights are predominantly situated along the Romanesque Road (point 52).

Zeitz
Schloss Moritzburg (Zeitz)
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References

  1. ^ Becker, Peter W. (1981). "The Role of Synthetic Fuel In World War II Germany: implications for today?". Air University Review (Maxwell AFB). 

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